Wednesday, 31 December 2014

Happy New Year Everyone

Monday, 29 December 2014

World War I Battlefield Artillery Tactics Released

World War I Battlefield Artillery Tactics

As the First World War bogged down across Europe, resulting in the establishment of trench systems, artillery began to grow in military importance. Never before had the use of artillery been so vital, and to this day the ferocity, duration and widespread use of artillery across the trenches of Europe has never been replicated.

Featuring specially commissioned full-color artwork, this groundbreaking study explains and illustrates the enormous advances in the use of artillery that took place between 1914 and 1918, the central part artillery played in World War I, and how it was used throughout the war, with particular emphasis on the Western Front.

Osprey Publishing

Tuesday, 16 December 2014

ACW Gamer: The Ezine 2014 Terrain Special

ACW Gamer: The Ezine 2014 Terrain Special

ACW Gamer: The Ezine 2014 Terrain Special

An electronic magazine for fighting the American Civil War on your table top! Miniatures, Scenarios, Reviews and more!

47 page PDF or EPUB file. Articles include:

Terrain Makes the Game Easier
Building Antietam
Making low cost, durable fields for your ACW gaming table    
The Road (More or) Less Traveled  
Terrain Tip: Cinnamon Broom
How to Make American Civil War Earthworks  
Flexible Fields    
Easy Cardstock Terrain for Wargamers          
“Winterizing” Your Battlefield

ACW Gamer

4Ground Ltd

4Ground Ltd


Wargames model buildings and Accessories. 10mm Jesserai Sci Fi. Furniture and Belongings. Basing and Gaming Aids. Unpainted Terrain.

Eighteen months in and we are happy to say lots of gamers and model makers now rate our work as amongst the best that’s available.  We have always hoped to design and produce at our best so it is great so many of our customers feel this way.

There have been a few changes, actually rather a lot, but all for the good.  Holly is taking some time out with the birth of her son but hopes to be back on the team this time next year.

Cad came on a year ago as part time but is now full time support for retailers and especially support for gaming clubs (so if you’re an active and inclusive club looking for our help and support Cad’s the man you need to talk to).  Cad also manages our Facebook, twitter and newsletter so any info you want him to share please let him know.

Warehouse distribution for 4Ground is now independent from Tymeagain’s main warehousing and this is managed full time by the very able Carrie (who came over from Tymeagain after eight years there).  So when your order was packed (both for retail and mail order), Carrie and her little team did the packing and did their utmost to make sure you got what you ordered and it was dispatched as soon as possible (please remember we always say even for UK customers please allow 10 working days for your order to be dispatched).

Then there is ‘Tank’ he’s the man with the plans, Tank is our laser production supervisor.  Tymeagain started 4Ground with two 85 watt industrial lasers and now we have five industrial lasers (one 75 watts, two 85 watts and two 100 watts).  Before we had this number of machines Tank and his small team had at times been working in relay shifts from 7pm Sunday right through, all week and nonstop, to Friday 7pm, that’s day and night just to keep up with demand for hundreds and thousands of our kits!  Even now some weeks we have to have a few night shifts planed to keep up with demand and as always it is Tank who is the most willing to do more unsociable hours than anyone else on the team.

The reason we are so busy is possibly because more and more people now know that in effect our pre-painted kits (with 4Ground Base Paints) are in effect almost two models in one, we include pre-painted outside walls and pre-painted inside walls in the same pack; making a very robust and durable piece of gaming terrain.  As Francis Parker one of our very first and still regular customers told us “4Ground kits are so good once you have made your first you just want more, they are the best terrain buildings bar NON”; and even today (18th May 2013) we got this from Ray Gillespie, a new customer after he got his first order from 4Ground “Just took delivery of my first 4ground kits today, the Whitechapel police station and warehouse... all I can say is WOW, I just cannot believe the quality of these kits, I have been making all sorts of kits from Plastic t Radio Controlled aircraft over the years and I can honestly say I have never seen such quality in any format. I LOVE the pictorial instructions and the sprue checklist is brilliant, even down to including the pegs and rubber bands for construction all in all guys you make brilliant products. My initial thoughts on finding your site was that the kits were a tad expensive, however now I have seen the contents I don’t know how you manage this excellence for the price !. Suffice to say I will be buying tons more as I need to purchase the rest of the Whitechapel range and then move on to the rest. You have one delighted and long term customer here, well done on a brilliant product.”

Finally we come to the work we have done with other companies.  These are among the leading designers and manufactures in the wargames hobby today and they came to us because they like what we do and the way we do it.  We have lots more planned to do with other companies and even more we plan to do ourselves (and not all is historical in nature).  It looks like the next 18 months will be just as active and progressive for 4Ground laser cut wargmames buildings and terrain as the last 18 months have been.  Thank you everyone for your interest and support for what we do.


December 2011.

I’m Adam and along with Ben and Holly we are your 4GROUND team at Tymeagain Ltd. Since 1994, we’ve been designing and making historically inspired items for a wide range of customers (from ‘Bioware’ the motion capture team at EA games in British Columbia - to The British Museum in London). We’re best known for our historic toys, available at the likes of English Heritage and The National Trust.

4GROUND began because John and Paul over at Warlordgames had a special request for Tymeagain to design and make a model kit of Rorke’s Drift. They know we’re gamers and that a big part of what we do is design and produce laser cut items. They thought who better to design a gamers’ model kit than a couple of wargamers? So we designed the buildings we wanted - buildings as part of the game and not just table accessories - we made options for holes in walls and maximum accessibility. Next we had to design the kit for others to be able to make it. Then we had to make hundreds and hundreds of kits and get them to Warlordgames before the release of their Anglo-Zulu range. Well we did all that and really enjoyed the project, then we thought why not make other kits, and so 4GROUND started.

With two 85watt lasers to work on production, the big task for us is not how will we keep up with stock levels for orders to go out quickly. Our biggest task is which way do we go next; do we make more historical, and if so which period, or do we go for futuristic or fantasy buildings. So if you have any ideas of what we should design next please contact us. The more people who ask for that special thing, the more likely we will make it, so if you see it here in 28mm and you want 15mm or 20mm just let us know - maybe you want buildings and walls for your King& Country or Tom Gunn 60mm collection.

Personally, we game with miniatures, cards and board games so markers for all these types of games will be in the pipeline. If we don’t have the marker or counter you want for a game, just contact us. We’re also making bases and movement trays; with such large and fast, lasers, we can make these simple items less costly and pass the reduced costs on to you. We’ll be offering many at lower prices than are often found on Internet auction sites.

We’re happy to work with other manufacturers, so maybe you want to add our kits to your range of products, or add your stuff to our model kits (sandbags in windows etc) - we don’t mind if you also design and make buildings, if you want to work with us and we can, we will. Have you a design for a laser cut component you want, or would you like us to design a range of tokens or markers for a game or rule system you produce. Send us a short message at business enquiries with what you have in mind. We cut and etch/engrave in many materials (solid woods, ply-woods, MDF, HDF, laminates, acrylics - acrylic from 1.5mm to over 30mm thick) so if you have something that’s more than an initial idea let’s talk.

Most of 4GROUND’s products are available to retailers (a physical shop is not required for an account, but you must have already established your own mail order website). Contact us at business enquiries for all trade requests and tell us a bit about your business. At first this site will be thin on the ground with product, as long term quality and customer happiness, is more important to us than short term sales. Keep coming back and you’ll see we’re pro-active with developments. You can keep up with our news by going to news & info. GAME ON!

Science Fiction, buildings.

4Ground Ltd Pictures

4Ground Ltd Website
4Ground Ltd Facebook


Adam, Ben and Holly


Unit 35 Deverill Rd Trading Estate
Deverill Road, Sutton Veny

BA12 7BZ


Tel +44 (0) 1985 840038
Fax +44 (0) 1985 840069




Monday, 15 December 2014

ACW Gamer: The Ezine Issue 7, December 2014

ACW Gamer: The Ezine Issue 18, April 2016

ACW Gamer: The Ezine Issue 7:

An electronic magazine for fighting the American Civil War on your table top! Miniatures, Scenarios, Reviews and more!

39 page PDF featuring:

Easy Civil War Rules
Painting the Iron Brigade
Colors of Confederate Clothing, Part II
U.S. Marines at First Manassas
Company D Miniatures
John Sisson,51st OhioVolunteers
Creating Custom 15mm Figures

ACW Gamer

Tuesday, 9 December 2014

Black Powder Rules

Black Powder II

This book describes the Black Powder game and its various procedures and rules as played by the authors and their friends. The authors’ aim is to enable and encourage the reader to recreate the great battles of the 18th and 19th centuries with armies of model soldiers on the tabletop.

As well as providing for the fundamentals of warfare such as the command of troops, movement on the battlefield, the effects of musketry and artillery, and the role of morale, the book includes numerous examples of further rules allowing the player to tailor games to their own preferences.

In addition, twelve complete examples of Black Powder battles are included, embracing a range of conflicts throughout the period covered.

Battle of Elixheim – War of the Spanish Succession, 1705
Battle of Clifton Moor – Jacobite Rising, 1745
Raid on Fort Ligonier – French and Indian War, 1758
Battle of Chinsurah – Seven Years’ War, 1759
Battle of Bunker Hill – American War of Independence, 1775
Battle of North Point – The War of 1812, 1814
Quatre Bras – Napoleonic War, 1815
The Eve of Waterloo – Napoleonic War, 1815
Battle of Kernstown – American Civil War, 1862
Battle of Antietam – American Civil War, 1862
Battle of Dead Man’s Creek – Sioux War, 1876-77
Action on the iNyezane – Zululand, 1879

Black Powder Rules

Black Powder Wargaming Rules by Warlord Games is a game for the militarily inclined gentlemen with straight backs, bristling beards and rheumy eyes that have seen a thing or two. If tales of battle and glory in days-gone-by stir nothing in your breast, if the roar of cannon does not quicken the pulse and set fire in the belly, then this is not the rule set for you. These rules are not a light hearted adventure but one to be tackled by the strong heart. 

· Full Colour
· 184 pages
· Hard back
· Rules for warfare covering 1700-1900
· 7 Battle reports
· Reference sheet
· Extraordinary photographs of probably the worlds best painted miniatures and the finest military collections
· Written by the hugely talented and handsome Rick Priestley and the very tall Jervis Johnson

Black Powder Supplements

A Clash Of Eagles Black Powder Supplement

A Clash Of Eagles Black Powder Supplement

This Black Powder Supplement charts Napoleon Bonaparte’s disastrous campaign in Russia during which the greatest army the world had ever seen was destroyed in just five months.

A Clash Of Eagles is a glorious work of passion from the author Adrian McWalter. 200 pages of full-colour text, maps, and figures plus art from renowned artist Peter Dennis & Johnny Shumate. A must have for any collectors and gamers of the Napoleonic Black Powder period!

Re-create epic moments of the 1812 campaign: the battles of Smolensk and Borodino, the numerous smaller affairs involving Napoleon’s allies and the long, protracted retreat from Russia culminating in the crossing of the Berezina, all of which left the Grand Armée reduced to a shadow of its former self.
Within the pages you will discover how Napoleonic armies fought differently from preceding Black Powder armies; including background detail focusing on the campaign, the numerous nations that took part in the campaign, as well as their armies and statistics on over a hundred different troop types.

You will find information on how to reflect Napoleonic battles using the Black Powder rules as well as a few new rules that are pretty standard amongst wargames communities across the globe.
Running alongside this you will encounter numerous national characteristics for France, Russia, Austria and Prussia to name a few, that will give your gaming experience more of a Napoleonic feel.

Glory Hallelujah! Black Powder Supplement

Glory Hallelujah! Black Powder Supplement

‘Glory Hallelujah!’ – the American Civil War 1861 – 1865 supplement for Black Powder.

In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the fledgling United States of America. Years of seething hostility between the North and South boiled over as the Southern States saw Lincoln’s election as a direct threat to their rights, and the nation fell apart as a new Confederacy was formed in the South. The Confederacy, striving to assert its independence, opened fire on the Northern troops occupying Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbour on April 12th 1861. Determined to preserve the Union, Northern troops headed south and on to Richmond! Over the next four terrible long years American armies tramped across American fields and burnt American farms as Americans killed Americans in a war the likes of which the nation had never seen before. The epic battles fought during the American Civil War proved beyond all doubt that war can be ‘all hell’.

This supplement for Black Powder describes the history, armies, key leaders, doctrine and tactics of the American Civil War, and includes a comprehensive set of army lists and optional rules for recreating the battles of that war in miniature.

Blood on the Nile Black Powder Supplement

Blood on the Nile Black Powder Supplement

They charged out of the shimmering desert, thousands of fanatical warriors dressed in white, brandishing fearsome weapons. These were the Mahdi’s men and a British soldier’s worst nightmare. The Mahdi had emerged from the wilderness to lead a rebellion against the Egyptian government in Sudan. His armies overwhelmed the Egyptians and trapped Governor Gordon in Khartoum. The British launched a relief expedition, but it arrived too late. Such an insult to the Empire could not go unpunished, and the British returned to crush the Mahdists. Sudan then came under British Imperial control, but, like shifting sands, history could have turned out very differently. 
Using this Black Powder supplement, you can take charge of the British army fighting in the desert, or assume command of the Mahdi’s forces in their struggle against the world’s greatest military power. Along the way, learn about the battles and campaigns of the Mahdist Wars, and the soldiers who served in them.

The free miniature with this supplement is based firmly on one of history’s great characters – Colonel Frederick Gustavus Burnaby. For those who don’t know much about this British officer try an internet search – he almost beggars belief! This is a superbly sculpted miniature by Steve Saleh that perfectly portrays this Victorian hero.

A copy of the Black Powder rulebook is required to use this supplement.

Rebellion Black Powder Supplement 

Black Powder American War of Independence supplement, Rebellion!

This glorious 144-page full-colour book, written by Steve Jones, comes with a free Continental officer figure sculpted by Alan Perry himself! Who else would you ask to design a new figure for an American War of Independence book? You'll be able to buy the figure from Perry Miniatures. We'll show you the sculpt in our next newsletter as the green stuff is still drying as I type!

In 1775 the simmering resentment of American colonists exploded into a bloody rebellion. Beginning in Boston, the conflict eventually stretched from Canada in the north to Florida in the south and lasted eight gruelling years. On one side stood the King's redcoats and settlers loyal to their sovereign, later joined by regiments of 'Hessian'mercenaries. Ranged against them was a citizen army under the inspirational leadership of George Washington, supported by militia and eventually French troops eager to embarrass their old foe. Both sides were forced to learn new tactics for fighting in the wild terrain of North America in a conflict that saw heroism and ineptitude in equal measure. 

Zulu Black Powder Supplement

Zulu Black Powder Supplement 

You've seen the silver screen version of events in Zulu and Zulu Dawn now you can refight these classic engagements on the tabletop. 

This lavish 92 page supplement provides historical background as well as character profiles and rules for recreating the key engagements of the war, including the Isandlwana, Ulundi and Rorkes Drift, as well as other less well known conflicts. Of course it is also packed with images of these battles recreated on the table-top, as well as photos of the region and battlefields as they appear now.

Albion Triumphant Volume 2, The Hundred Days campaign

Albion Triumphant Volume 2, The Hundred Days campaign

On a damp, overcast Sunday in June 1815, twenty years of continuous warfare - the Napoleonic Wars - came to a violent and bloody conclusion on a rain-soaked field in Belgium. These wars were truly a world affair, with European powers fighting battles not only on the mainland of Europe but as far as India, Egypt, the Caribbean and America. The greatest generals of the age finally faced each other on the field of battle; The Duke of Wellington, rooted to a little-known ridge, faced, the Emperor of the French. Napoleon Bonaparte, master of the attack, opposed brigades of British, Germans, Dutch and Belgians; brigades of an infamous army that, despite horrific casualties, clung to the ridge for over nine hours to ensure that the arrival of Blücher's Prussian army would put the Duke's victory beyond doubt.

The Battle of Waterloo became a true landmark in miltary history, one that will never fade, and nothing on such a grand scale would be seen again.

This supplement for Black Powder overviews the main battles, armies and personalities of the Hundred Days campaign, and includes army lists, scenarios and special rules to enable you to re-fight them using the Black Powder rules. 

Featured conflicts include:
Quatre Bras & Ligny (16th June 1815)
Hougoumont (18th June 1815) 
Waterloo (18th June 1815) 

132 pages of Napoleonic army lists, background, troop stats and scenarios make this an absolute must for lovers of Black Powder, of Napoleonic gaming or simply of gloriously produced wargaming books!

Albion Triumphant Volume 1 - The Peninsular campaign

Albion Triumphant Volume 1 - The Peninsular campaign

This is the first of two supplements for our Black Powder game that focuses on the Napoleonic battles involving British forces. Written by long-time gamer and Napoleonic aficionado, Adrian McWalter, this book focuses on the Flanders and Peninsular campaigns 112 pages of Napoleonic army lists, background, troop stats and scenarios make this an absolute must for lovers of Black Powder, of Napoleonic gaming or simply of gloriously produced wargaming books! 

The Last Argument of Kings

The Last Argument of Kings

At the beginning of the 18th century, warfare entered a new era. The widespread use of the flintlock musket had transformed the way armies trained and fought. This period was a golden age for the crowned heads of Europe. They commanded professional troops, gloriously outfitted in splendid uniforms, and fought each other over land, wealth and the succession to their thrones. Some even led their armies on the field of battle. Yet by the end of the century, the real power of kings was gone or greatly eroded - parliaments would decide the foreign policy of nations, democracy had taken hold in the New World and the divine right of kings was everywhere being questioned. These were the last wars fought to protect the succession rights of royalty. These wars were the Last Argument of Kings.

This supplement for the Black Powder game overviews the main conflicts and armies of this period, and includes army lists and special rules to enable you to refight these wars using the Black Powder rules, as well as scenarios for the most dramatic battles of the time. Featured conflicts include:

The War of the Spanish Succession - the Battle of Blenheim (1704)
The Great Northern War - the Battle of Holowczyn (1708)
The Austro-Turkish Wars - the Battle of Petrovardin (1716)
The War of the Austrian Succession - the Battle of Fontenoy (1745)
The Wars of the English Succession - the 1745 Rebellion
The Seven Years War - the Battle of Hundorf (1762)
War in the Colonies - The French Indian War & The War in India
Raids and Invasions - Amphibious Warfare in the 18th Century

This is a full colour 112 page softback book.

Black Powder Downloads
  1. Black Powder, Quick Reference Sheet.
  2. Black Powder, Army Roster
  3. Black Powder, FAQ - 26 August , 2010. 
Other Peoples Black Powder Downloads

Great Northern War: Stats & Special Rules For Black Powder/Pike & Shotte

Attached to this post are the unit stats for Swedes and Russians, plus mods and notes.
They are designed for Warlord Games Pike & Shotte, but can also be used with Black Powder.
  1. Great Northern War: Stats & Special Rules For Black Powder/Pike & Shotte
Home Before The Leaves Fall Black Powder Rules Amendments For Early World War I by friends Of General Haig

What follows are the minor rule amendments we made to play out the Mons campaign in 10mm using Black Powder rules. As always with Black Powder, if you don’t like them, or don’t agree with a particular interpretation, please fell free to change them. We found that reducing the move distances but keeping the ranges of weapons the same, for example, really reflected how it must have been for troops used to Napoleonic style deployments to suddenly come up against modern weapons. Where
possible, the rationale for the rule amendments is provided.
  1. Home Before The Leaves Fall
Pony Wars Black Powder Stats Sheet

In conjunction with our Pony Wars article in the February issue of Wargames Illustrated; “A Road We Do Not Know”, we present Black Powder stats for using John Ford’s Rangers and Iron Jacket Comanches.
Sgt Perry's Heroes

  1. Unofficial Black Powder, Quick Reference Sheet with additional information on page 2. 
  2. Unofficial Black Powder, Quick Reference Sheet 2/3 Distances Version. 
  3. Unofficial Black Powder, Quick Reference Sheet 1/2 Distances Version.
  4. Unofficial Black Powder, Army Roster 1.
  5. Unofficial Black Powder, Army Roster 2. 
  6. Unofficial Black Powder, Army Roster 3. 
  7. Unofficial Black Powder, Army Roster 4. 
Jay's Wargaming Madness
  1. Unofficial Black Powder, Quick Reference Sheets.
  2. Unofficial Black Powder, Quick Reference Sheets, British, Prussian and French.
The Border Reivers Wargames Society

Black Powder ACW
  1. Detailed BP ACW sequence of play checklist.
  2. House rules and amendments for 'Black Powder' American Civil War.
  3. Quick Reference Sheet for 'Black Powder' ACW house rules and amendments.
Black Powder AWI
  1. Suggested 'Black Powder' points list for AWI.
  2. Quick Reference Sheet for 'Black Powder' AWI using our version of the rules.
  3. Suggestions for using the action cards from Sam Mustafa's 'Maurice' in 'Black Powder'
Black Powder Napoleonic

House rules and amendments for 'Black Powder' Napoleonic Wars.
Detailed Sequence of Play Summary Sheet.
Quick Reference Sheet for 'Black Powder' Napoleonic house rules and amendments.

Loki's Great Hall
  1. Unofficial Black Powder, Half Distance Play Sheet.
  2. Unofficial Black Powder, Quick Rules Summary.
Last Hussar Barracks

Lots of good ideas here,  well worth spending a bit of time reading all the Black Powder posts.

War of Spanish Succession
  1. Unofficial amendments to Black Powder For battles with model soldiers In the Age of Marlborough.
Franco Prussian War

Colgar6 and the Infinite Legion of Toy Soldiers

Black Powder personality cards
  1. The master file for these cards is a PowerPoint document.
  2. If you prefer to obtain a professionally-printed deck of cards, Artscow.
Adventures In Miniature Gaming

Officer personality trait cards for Black Powder
  1. Unofficial Union Officer Personality Card Deck.
  2. Unofficial Confederate Officer Personality Card Deck.
Leadhead, Ph.D

Armies of the 19th Century Booklets for Black Powder.
  1. Unofficial Black Powder, Army lists for the Russo-Ottoman War of 1877-1878 v.2.
  2. Unofficial Black Powder, The Uruguayan Army in the War of the Triple Alliance.
Blenheim to Berlin
  1. Black Powder House Rules Feb 2016 Update.
Edinburgh Wargames
  1. Bill's Black Powder Amendments - Latest.
Too Much Lead
  1. Amendments for Black Powder Medievals.
Keith's Wargaming Blog
  1. Black Powder House Rules for SYW.
The Panzer Depot
  1. Black Powder Napoleonic House Rules.
  2. Unofficial Black Powder Unit Builder.
  3. Unofficial Black Powder QRS.
My Black Powder Downloads
  1. My Black Powder Adaptations
  2. A Selection of Useful Rules
  3. A Selection of Useful Rules Labels

Jason Temple
Warlord Games
Leadhead, Ph.D
Too Much Lead
Loki's Great Hall
Sgt Perry's Heroes
Blenheim to Berlin
The Panzer Depot
Edinburgh Wargames
Last Hussar Barracks
Keith's Wargaming Blog
Jay's Wargaming Madness
Adventures In Miniature Gaming
The Border Reivers Wargames Society
Colgar6 and the Infinite Legion of Toy Soldiers

My American Civil War Book Library

My American Civil War Book Library

My American Civil War book library for wargaming consists of the following titles this is not an exhaustive library is just some of my favourites on the subject.

The American Civil War (1) The war in the East 1861–May 1863

The American Civil War (1)
The war in the East 1861–May 1863

The United States saw long-simmering sectional tensions erupt into fighting at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, in April 1861, beginning what would become the most cataclysmic military struggle in the western world between Waterloo and the First World War. This volume focuses on events in the Virginia theatre during the conflict's first two years, highlighting Union and Confederate strengths and weaknesses, leadership and strategy on each side, and the ways in which events on the battlefield influenced politics, diplomacy, and debates about emancipation. Osprey Essential Histories are complete yet concise studies of each major conflict in history.

The American Civil War (2) The war in the West 1861–July 1863

The American Civil War (2)
The war in the West 1861–July 1863

The American Civil Wars vast Western Theatre witnessed enormously important military campaigning during the period 1861 - 1863. This book, the third in a four-volume series, examines the geographical, logistical and strategic factors that shaped fighting in this theatre, as well as assessing officers who played key roles . It covers the story of Ulysses S Grant's important capture of rebel positions before marching south to win the battle of Shiloh, as well as that of Albert Sidney Johnston, the pride of the Confederacy. Finally, it details the dramatic events of the siege of Vicksburg, the Confederates final fortress.

The American Civil War (3) The war in the East 1863–1865

The American Civil War (3)
The war in the East 1863–1865

Great battles and famous commanders dominated the military history of the Civil War in the Eastern Theatre during the period 1863-1865. This book includes revealing details of the clash at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, the costliest battle ever waged in the Western Hemisphere, but, contrary to common belief, puts forward the theory that it was not a great turning point in the war. This book also examines the events that led to Robert E Lee accepting generous terms of surrender from Ulysses S Grant, bringing the war in Virginia to a close. A fascinating look at this crucial point in the American Civil War.

The American Civil War (4) The war in the West 1863–1865

The American Civil War (4)
The war in the West 1863–1865

Union military forces suffered momentary defeat followed by sustained success in the Western Theatre during the second half of the American Civil War. Following the Union's defeat at Chickamauga, Ulysses S. Grant took command at Chattanooga and orchestrated a striking victory which paved the way for a Union advance against Atlanta, a confederate city second in importance only to Richmond. This book traces the events that surrounded the capture of Atlanta, followed by Sherman's famous campaign of destruction through the southern interior which culminated in April 1865 with the surrender of the last major Confederate field army at Durham Station, North Carolina.


First Bull Run 1861 The South's first victory

First Bull Run 1861
The South's first victory

At Bull Run, two inexperienced, ill-trained and poorly led armies clashed in the opening engagement of the American Civil War. Culminating in a stalwart defensive fight by Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson's Virginia Brigade, this is the story of the Confederacy's first victory. The author investigates the personalities of the principal commanders and examines the opposing armies, showing how the widely varying uniforms of different units caused mistakes of identity which affected the battle at crucial points. Weapons, intelligence and the almost universal inexperience of troops on both sides are all discussed, helping to explain the events of the battle itself.

Hampton Roads 1862 Clash of the Ironclads

Hampton Roads 1862
Clash of the Ironclads

On 9 March 1862 the world's first battle between two ironclad warships took place in the confined waters of Hampton Roads, Virginia. The previous day the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia, impervious to her enemy's guns, had sunk two Union warships. When she re-emerged from Norfolk to complete the destruction of the Union blockading squadron the USS Monitor steamed out to meet her. The four-hour duel that ensued was a stalemate, but crucially the Virginia had failed to break the Northern blockade of the Southern ports. Nevertheless, in a single battle these two vessels rendered wooden warships obsolete and transformed the face of naval warfare forever.

Antietam 1862 The Civil War's Bloodiest Day

Antietam 1862
The Civil War's Bloodiest Day

Antietam was one of the critical battles of the American Civil War. The fortunes of the South were riding high after the resounding victory at Second Manassas. While Bragg and Kirby Smith invaded Kentucky, Lee's invasion of Maryland was intended to maintain the Southern offensive momentum and to win the recognition of the European powers. But his bold plan was compromised - and at the Antietam River the Army of Northern Virginia was fighting for its very life. This title examines the build-up to Hooker's attack, and details the famous clashes at Bloody Lane and Burnside Bridge.

Shiloh 1862 The death of innocence

Shiloh 1862
The death of innocence

The first major battle in the Western theatre of the American Civil War, Shiloh came as a horrifying shock to both the American public and those in arms. For the first time they had some idea of the terrible price that would be paid for the preservation of the Union. On 6 April 1862 General Albert Sidney Johnston caught Grant and Sherman by surprise and very nearly drove them into the River Tennessee, but was mortally wounded in the process. Somehow Grant and Sherman hung on and the next day managed to drive back the hordes of grey-clad rebels.

Shenandoah Valley 1862 Stonewall Jackson outmaneuvers the Union

Shenandoah Valley 1862
Stonewall Jackson outmanoeuvres the Union

Major General “Stonewall” Jackson became a legend for his actions in Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, in 1862. Marching over 600 miles in 48 days, he, along with his army, won five major battles. His forces, never numbering more than 17,000 men, overcame a combined Union force of 50,000, demonstrating his ability to manoeuvre his troops and deceive his enemies into believing he possessed the advantage. Charted throughout these pages is the journey leading up to, and including, “Stonewall” Jackson’s final victory, all the while performing better than anyone could have expected. The campaign became a showcase for the mobility and success of Jackson’s outnumbered men, who held the larger Union forces pinned down and off balance, consequently allowing Jackson to force march his men to take part in the Seven Days Battles that saved Richmond and gained him victory.

Seven Days Battles 1862 Lee’s defense of Richmond

Seven Days Battles 1862
Lee’s defence of Richmond

When General Robert E. Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia, the Confederacy was in crisis. Lee changed all that in a brilliant, week-long campaign. On 26 June the Confederates struck, fighting two hard-fought battles in two days at Mechanicsville and Gaine's Mill. The ferocity of the Confederate assaults convinced McClellan that he was outnumbered. Unable to keep the Confederates at bay, the Union army was recalled to Washington. Despite losing a quarter of his men, Lee had saved Richmond, and inflicted a humiliating defeat on the Army of the Potomac. This book traces the course of this short yet crucial campaign.

Fair Oaks 1862 McClellan’s Peninsula campaign

Fair Oaks 1862
McClellan’s Peninsula campaign

Following its humiliating defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run, General George B. McClellan took command of the Union Army of the Potomac. In the spring of 1862, having rebuilt his forces, the Little Napoleon devised a plan to end the war in a single campaign. Transporting his army by sea to the Virginia Peninsula, he would outflank Confederate forces and march unopposed on Richmond, the Southern capital. Excessive caution squandered the opportunity, however, and on 31 May the Confederates struck at McClellan’s divided forces at Fair Oaks. This book details McClellan’s controversial Peninsula campaign and the southern attempt to halt the Union juggernaut.

Second Manassas 1862 Robert E Lee’s greatest victory

Second Manassas 1862
Robert E Lee’s greatest victory

There never was such a campaign, not even by Napoleon wrote Confederate General Pender of the Second Manassas campaign in which the gray-bearded Virginian, Robert E Lee, came as close as he ever would to exterminating his Northern enemies. In so doing, Lee established himself as the South's pre-eminent military commander and the Army of Northern Virginia as it's most powerful weapon. The fighting in northern Virginia left Union General John Pope's career in tatters and proved the South was a power to be reckoned with. This book's powerful account demonstrates that during that fateful summer of 1862 Lee's soldiers were fighting for anything but a lost cause.

Fredericksburg 1862 'Clear The Way'

Fredericksburg 1862
'Clear The Way'

In December 1862, things were still confused for the Union. Antietam had been a failure for both sides, and although the battle showed that the Union army could bring the Confederates to bay, it couldn't pin them in one place long enough to destroy them. In December 1862, General Burnside, newly appointed to command the Army of the Potomac, planned to seize and secure the town of Fredericksburg, and then take the Confederate capital of Richmond. Carl Smith's book details the epic struggle that engulfed the Union side as it crossed the Rappahannock on December 11, encountering stiff opposition from Lee's men.

Chancellorsville 1863 Jackson's Lightning Strike

Chancellorsville 1863
Jackson's Lightning Strike

Following the debacle of the battle of Fredricksburg in December 1862, Burnside was replaced as commander of the Army of the Potomac by General Joseph Hooker. Having reorganised the army and improved morale, he planned an attack that would take his army to Richmond and end the war. Although faced by an army twice his size, the Confederate commander Robert E. Lee split his forces: Jubal Early was left to hold off Sedgwick's Fredericksburg attack, and 'Stonewall' Jackson was sent with 26,000 men in a wide envelopment around Hooker's right flank. This title details how at dusk on May 2, Jackson's men crashed into the Federal right flank, and how stiffening Federal resistance slowed the Confederate advance the next day.

Brandy Station 1863 First step towards Gettysburg

Brandy Station 1863
First step towards Gettysburg

The road to Gettysburg began at Brandy Station on 9 June 1863. Early on that morning, General Pleasanton launched his men across the Rappahannock at Beverley’s Ford to the north of Brandy Station and Kelly’s Ford to the south. General JEB Stuart was caught unaware by these manoeuvres and his lines and headquarters were nearly overrun until reinforcements helped to stabilise the situation. Following 12 hours of bitter fighting the Union forces withdrew back across the river in what was the largest and most hotly contested clash of sabres in the war. This book describes the battle with a step-by-step analysis, illustrated with detailed maps, birds-eye-views and full colour battle scene artwork.

Gettysburg 1863 High tide of the Confederacy

Gettysburg 1863
High tide of the Confederacy

The Confederate invasion of the Northern states was General Lee's last great gamble. By taking the war to the Union he hoped to force Lincoln into peace negotiations, or win support from the European powers who were watching events closely from across the Atlantic. Equally, Meade's Army of the Potomac needed to regain it's fighting credibility after the setbacks of Fredericksburg and saw this as an opportunity to redeem its honour. The clash of 150,000 soldiers from both sides would ultimately decide the fate of a nation.

Vicksburg 1863 Grant clears the Mississippi

Vicksburg 1863
Grant clears the Mississippi

The 1863 Vicksburg campaign was to prove decisive to the outcome of the American Civil War. Known as the 'Gibraltar of the West', Vicksburg was the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. In a masterly campaign Grant used riverboats and steamers to land his army south of the city. He then defeated the armies of Generals 'Joe' Johnston and John C. Pemberton. Pemberton allowed his force to become bottled up in Vicksburg and after an epic 47-day siege he was forced to surrender the remnants of his force to Grant on 4 July 1863, one day after Lee's defeat at Gettysburg.

Chickamauga 1863 The river of death

Chickamauga 1863
The river of death

By the Autumn of 1863 the Confederacy was in dire straits. In a colossal gamble, Confederate President Jefferson Davis stripped forces from all the major Confederate armies to reinforce the Army of Tennessee in a last ditch attempt to crush the Union. On 19th September the Confederates attacked the Union army along Chickamauga creek south of Chattanooga. On the second day of bloody fighting the entire Union right collapsed and the army retreated headlong for Chattanooga, all except General George H. Thomas' Corps who fought on doggedly until nightfall delaying the confederate advance, saving the Union and earning his fame as the Rock of Chickamauga.

Shenandoah 1864 Sheridan’s valley campaign

Shenandoah 1864
Sheridan’s valley campaign

For three years of war the Union and the Confederacy had battled over the picturesque Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Nestled between the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians to the west, the valley served as the granary for the Army of Northern Virginia. It provided bread and beef to feed this shield of the Confederacy and remounts for its cavalry. This beautifully illustrated study explores one of the major campaigns of the Civil War in 1864, which saw a decisive victory for the Union forces under Sheridan and featured some of the most famous commanders of the war, including Philip Sheridan, Jubal Early, George Armstrong Custer, John B. Gordon and George Crook.

Wilderness and Spotsylvania 1864 Grant versus Lee in the East

Wilderness and Spotsylvania 1864
Grant versus Lee in the East

In May 1864 the Union Army of the Potomac under General George Meade had been in a leisurely pursuit of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia for nearly a year after the defeat of the Rebels at Gettysburg. Confederate commander General Robert E. Lee still retained his awe-inspiring reputation for wrecking Union armies that got too close to Richmond and Meade was still cautious. His tactics at Gettysburg were defensive and he was unsure that he was able to take the offensive against Lee. However, things changed when President Abraham Lincoln appointed General Ulysses S. Grant to command all Union armies. Grant came east and laid out a comprehensive strategy for the rest of the war. In the deep South, General William T. Sherman would march out of Tennessee to cut the Confederacy in half by taking Atlanta. Grant would lead the Army of the Potomac across the Rapidan River and march on Richmond. He had the manpower and equipment to accomplish his objective, easily outnumbering Lee. Lee, on the other hand, was far from beaten. The stage was set for one of the defining campaigns of the Civil War in the East.

Sherman's March to the Sea 1864 Atlanta to Savannah

Sherman's March to the Sea 1864
Atlanta to Savannah

Riding on the wave of his victory at Atlanta, Union General W. T. Sherman abandoned his supply lines in an attempt to push his forces into Confederate territory and take Savannah. During their 285-mile 'March to the Sea' the army lived off the land and destroyed all war-making capabilities of the enemy en route. Despite the controversy surrounding it, the march was a success. Supported by photographs, detailed maps, and artwork, this title explores the key personalities and engagements of the march and provides a detailed analysis of the campaign that marked the 'beginning of the end' of the Civil War.

Petersburg 1864–65 The longest siege

Petersburg 1864–65
The longest siege

In 1864 General Ulysses S. Grant decided to strangle the life out of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia by surrounding the city of Petersburg and cutting off General Robert E. Lee’s supply lines. The ensuing siege would carry on for nearly ten months, involve 160,000 soldiers, and see a number of pitched battles including the Battle of the Crater, Reams Station, Hatcher’s Run, and White Oak Road. After nearly ten months, Grant launched an attack that sent the Confederate army scrambling back to Appomattox Court House where it would soon surrender. Written by an expert on the American Civil War, this book examines the last clash between the armies of U.S. Grant and Robert E. Lee.

Appomattox 1865 Lee’s last campaign

Appomattox 1865
Lee’s last campaign

From an internationally renowned expert on US history, this highly illustrated title details the curtain-closing campaign of the American Civil War in the East. Ulysses S Grant's Army of the Potomac and Robert E Lee's Army of Northern Virginia faced up to one another one last time, resulting in Lee conducting a desperate series of withdrawals and retreats down the line of the Richmond and Danville Railroad, hoping to join forces with General Joseph E. Johnston's Army of Tennessee. This book, with informative full-colour illustrations and maps, tells the full story of the skirmishes and pursuits that led directly to Lee's surrender, as his frantic efforts to extricate his forces from ever more perilous positions became increasingly untenable.

Essential Histories
New Vanguard

Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles v. 1

Opening Battles (Volume 1) begins with a view of Washington on the eve of the war, gives an account of the fall of Fort Sumter, the preparations for war in the North and South, and the formation of the Confederacy. Detailed are the early operations in Virginia, the campaign of the first Bull Run, and the first year of war in Missouri. Naval conflicts on the inland waterways are covered as well as the battles of Lexington, Belmont, Big Sandy and others. Generals U.S. Grant, G.T. Beauregard, T. jordan and D.C. Buell, describe the events of the Battle of Shiloh. Chronicled too are the buildups of the navies for war, coastal operations in the Carolinas, and the historic battles at Hampton Roads between the ironclads "Monitor" and "Merrimac" which changed the course of naval history.

Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Struggle Intensifies v. 2

The Struggle Intensifies (Volume 2) opens with the siege and capture of Fort Pulaski, the capture of New Orleans, and a summary of operations in the far southwest. It covers the Peninsular Campaign, the battles of Yorktown, Williamsburg, Manassas, and Seven Pines. Brigadier-General john D. Imboden, C.S.A., relates Stonewall Jacksons exploits in the Shenandoah. Chronicled here are Lees campaign against Pope, the second Battle of Bull Run, Antietam, and finally the battles at Iuka and Corinth.

Battles & Leaders of the Civil War: The Tide Shifts v. 3

The Tide Shifts (Volume 3) begins with the Perryville Campaign, the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. The Battle of Gettysburg is chronicled in detail by such famous officers as General James Longstreet, Colonel john S. Mosby, General Henry J Hunt, General E.R Alexander and by others who fought and directed this pivotal battle. The Vicksburg Campaign, the battles of Port Hudson, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and others are likewise described.

Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Retreat with Honor v. 4

Retreat With Hortor (Volume 4) relates the events that led to the end of the war. It opens with a detailed description of the land and sea operations at the Battle of Charleston. Grants Wilderness Campaign and Sherrnans march to Atlanta are vividly portrayed. After mounting the final actions in Arkansas, Missouri and Tennessee, this volume depicts the closing naval operations, Sherman's march through the Confederacy and climaxes with Lees surrender at Appomattox.

Photographic History of the Civil War: The Opening Battles, Two Years of Grim War v. 1

The Photographic History of the Civil War was first published in 1911 to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the great conflict. Extremely popular then, it has become a rare book. Here, in five double volumes, is the complete and unabridged original edition, text and photographs carefully reproduced in the original format and full size.

The thousands of photographs contained within are remarkable in their immediacy, spontaneity, and authenticity. They demonstrate the power of the camera as well as the importance of the photographer. This series is a unique record of one of the greatest conflicts in the history of mankind. Also included in this series are maps to mark the battles, and line-art decorations that give a feel of the era in which they were composed.

These pictures can be viewed as art, as history and as journalism. Covering every aspect of the war - from the front to weapons, from tactics to the wounded, from everyday life to grief, from victory to defeat - these volumes are a testament to a mighty conflict and to the great nation which emerged from it.

The first volume of The Photographic History of the Civil War is a record of the the opening battles of the war. It spans two years and is 732 pages in the hardcover edition.

Photographic History of the Civil War: The Decisive Battles, the Cavalry v. 2

This volume describes the decisive battles of the Civil War, and the Cavalry on both sites of the battle.

Photographic History of the Civil War: Forts and Artillery, The Navies v. 3

This volume covers the Forts and the Artillery of the Civil War, along with the Navies from both sides of the conflict.

Photographic History of the Civil War: Soldier Life and Secret Service, Prisons and Hospitals v. 4

This volume describes in detail the lives of soldiers on both sides of the conflict, and the secret service. It also contains photographs, diagrams, and text about the prisons and hospitals used during the Civil War.

Photographic History of the Civil War: The Armies and the Leaders, Poetry and Eloquence v. 5

This volume covers the armies and the leaders of the Civil War, as well as some of the eloquent writing to emerge from the battle, including poetry.

The Battlefields of the Civil War (Rebels & Yankees trilogy)

A must for any Civil War library. Recounts the stories of thirteen of some of the most important battles of the war, from First Manassas in July 1861 to the Battle of Nashville in 1864. Full-colour double-page maps show the reader each move of the opposing forces. No effort has been spared to include rare war era photographs and colour photos of rare artifacts. Engagingly written by William C. Davis, the author of more than thirty books on the American Civil War. Writes professor James M. McPherson, "The most readable, authoritative, and beautifully designed illustrated history of the American Civil War." Also in the series: Commanders and Fighting Men.

Fighting Men of the Civil War (Rebels & Yankees trilogy)

A must for any Civil War library. The sweeping histories of the War Between the States often overlook the men in whose blood that history was written. This account goes a long way toward redressing the balance in favour of the men in the ranks. The reader follows the soldiers from enlistment and training to campaigning. Attention is also given to oft-forgotten groups such as the sailors and black troops. No effort has been spared to include rare war era photographs and colour photos of rare artifacts. Engagingly written by William C. Davis, the author of more than thirty books on the American Civil War. Writes professor James M. McPherson, "The most readable, authoritative, and beautifully designed illustrated history of the American Civil War." Also in the series: Battlefields and Commanders.

The Commanders of the Civil War (Rebels & Yankees trilogy)

Chronicles the lives and careers of the foremost commanders in the American Civil War. The work uses material from personal letters and memoirs to recreate this period of American history.

Uniforms of the American Civil War (Blandford colour series)

It is a popular misconception that the American Civil War was fought between Union and Confederate armies uniformed in dull blue and drab grey respectively. In fact, both armies included exotically-named corps dressed in a variety of European styles whose gorgeous uniforms compared more than favourably with the most ornate of Napoleonic France Zouaves and Chasseurs, Hussars and Highlanders, Lancers, Bersaglieri and Riflemen. This book illustrates the regulation full dress and service dress of every branch of both armies, and those of a large number of early volunteer and militia regiments. In addition, large numbers of contemporary photographs have been consulted to show how uniforms were regimentally and individually modified on campaign, on occasion losing all resemblance to the costume prescribed by official Dress Regulations. Over 150 uniforms are illustrated, and the uniforms of more than 60 other regiments and corps are described in the text. There are separate sections on rank markings, badges, belt-plates and buttons. The book includes an historical introduction on the events of the Civil War, a comparison of the capabilities of the various artillery and small arms of both armies, and an Order of Battle of the opposing forces at Gettysburg. The book is therefore of value to the historian, the military costume enthusiast, the modeller and the wargamer, and in the words of Abraham Lincoln, People who like this sort of thing will find this the sort of thing they like.

A revised system of cavalry tactics : for the use of the cavalry and mounted infantry, C.S.A.

Casey's Infantry Tactics - Volume I

Casey's Infantry Tactics - Volume 2

Casey's Infantry Tactics - Volume 3

Cavalry tactics as illustrated by the war of the rebellion

Cavalry Operations and their Effects on the Chancellorsville Campaign.
The purpose of the study is to establish the effects of cavalry operations, both Federal and Confederate, on the Chancellorsville Campaign of the American Civil War. The primary source used for the study was the 'War of Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Confederate and Union Armies.' In analyzing the campaign, several factors emerge which help to explain Lee's victory and Hooker's defeat. One of these factors is the manner in which each commander employed his cavalry assets. Among the major conclusions of the study are as follows: -- (1) federal cavalry operations produced no beneficial effects for the Army of the Potomac; (2) the failure of Federal cavalry to produce significant results at Chancellorsville was due to the methods General Hooker used to employ his cavalry assets; (3) the Federal defeat at Chancellorsville was due, in part, to lack of cavalry support on the main battlefield; (4) confederate cavalry was properly employed at Chancellorsville, and (5) the effectiveness of Confederate cavalry contributed significantly to Lee's victory.

Manual of Bayonet Exercise

The hand-book of artillery, for the service of the United States, (army and militia)

The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies

Other American Civil War Books

A Thorn in Its Vitals: Holding Chattanooga and East Tennessee, September–December 1863

Manual of Arms: Drill, Tactics, & Rifle Maintenance for Infantry Soldiers During the American Civil War-Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics

Iron Dawn: The Monitor, the Merrimack, and the Civil War Sea Battle that Changed History

Much Embarrassed – Civil War, Intelligence & the Gettysburg Campaign