28 Jul 2018

Critical Land at Shiloh, Glendale and Fredericksburg

Critical Land at Shiloh, Glendale and Fredericksburg

Hickenlooper’s Battery at Shiloh, Randol’s Battery at Glendale, and Latimer’s Battery at Fredericksburg. All were significant to the Civil War in 1862. I hope you will join me today to preserve these priceless acres of American history for generations to come.

Here’s a glimpse of some of the history at stake:

Early on April 6, 1862, Confederates marched out of the morning mist toward unsuspecting Union regiments, positioned as outposts about three miles south of Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee.

The Confederate brigade under Brig. Gen. Adley H. Gladden, comprised of the 21st, 22nd, 25th, and 26th Alabama regiments as well as the 1st Louisiana, stepped off their advance across the 8-acre tract we are working to save.

They moved steadily north toward Col. Madison Miller’s Union brigade of the 18th Wisconsin, the 18th Missouri, and the 61st Illinois. In his book, Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862, historian O. Edward Cunningham writes:

"Miller’s infantry permitted Gladden’s hungry, muddy soldiers to advance up the slope to about one hundred yards range before squeezing their triggers. Men began to go down all around. The momentum of the attack broke down, and a stubborn fire fight quickly developed. Some of the Southerners began drifting toward the rear, but the officers went to work rallying them. ‘Men, do not disgrace yourselves by deserting those brave fellows.’ Thanks to the efforts of [the] officers, the withdrawal soon halted."

The Union artillery battery of Capt. Andrew Hickenlooper (ancestor of today’s governor of Colorado and fellow Trust member John Hickenlooper) was "located just to the right rear" of Miller’s brigade, and he worked his guns as quickly as possible to hold back the gray tide.

Sensing victory, Gladden ordered another charge, then suddenly slumped in his saddle, his shoulder shattered into a "mass of flesh and bone," a wound from which he would die six days later.  His men pressed forward, and Capt. Hickenlooper later wrote that a Rebel yell caused "an involuntary thrill of terror to pass like an electric shock through even the bravest of hearts."

Miller’s brigade began to fall back, and joyous Confederates soon swarmed over the Union camps, many surely believing that the battle was all but won. But the two-day Battle of Shiloh was just beginning and would go on to become the bloodiest battle in American history up to that point.

Today, the battle you and I are fighting is to protect 8 critical acres of the vulnerable southern sector of this battlefield, along with equally significant tracts at Glendale and Fredericksburg in Virginia. Thanks to a combination of grants, support from generous donors like you, and a tremendous landowner donation, we can save these three crucial tracts – which have a transaction value of $1,178,000 – for $243,000, a $4.85-to-$1 match of your generosity.

I hope you’ll consider making your most generous gift today. Visit our website to learn more about these three tracts of land and help protect them so future generations can appreciate their magnificence.

Your help is needed to save crucial battlefield land at the 1862 battlefields of Shiloh, Glendale, and Fredericksburg at a $4.85-to-$1 match! Please help save these national treasures forever.

American Battlefield Trust

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