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Thursday, 20 September 2012

The Battle of Philippi

The Battle of Philippi

 The Battle of Philippi also known as The Philippi Races 3 June 1861. Union, under Colonels Benjamin Franklin Kelley and Frederick W. Lander, 3,000. Killed, 2, wounded 2, missing 2. Confederate, under Col. George A. Porterfield, numbers not reported. Killed, 16 wounded, unknown missing 26. 

In conformity with our plan we proceed to narrate the progress of battles in the order of their succession, which carries us, in rapid transition, from one portion of the country to another, and brings each action vividly before the eye as it transpires. The most important engagement, after the fighting in the streets of Baltimore, the occupation of Annapolis and Alexandria, and the attacks of the enemy's batteries on Aquia Creek, was that at Philippi, in Western Virginia, on the 3 June 1861. The Union forces, under the command of Brigadier General Thomas A. Morris, were in the possession of Grafton. The rebels were at Philippi, under Colonel George A. Porterfield. Having determined to send out an expedition to surprise them, it was organized in two divisions one, consisting of the First Virginia Regiment, and the Ninth and Sixteenth Ohio, under the command of Colonel Benjamin Franklin Kelley the other, of the Sixth and Seventh Indiana, the Fourteenth Ohio, and a section of artillery, under the combined command of Colonels Ebenezer Dumont and Frederick W. Lander. They set out on their march in a terrific storm, through an unexplored and uneven country, on the night of the 2d of June. At four o'clock in the morning. Frederick W. Lander, who was to attack the enemy in front, took up his position across the river on a hill commanding the town. Benjamin Franklin Kelley was to attack them in rear. The plan matured at headquarters failed in its execution. Benjamin Franklin Kelley was impeded in his march of twenty-two miles by roads rendered almost impassable by the darkness of the night and the violence of the storm. On arriving, he found the town aroused instead of surprised, and Frederick W. Lander already engaged with the enemy. To add to the discomfiture caused by the lateness of his force, it came up in the wrong direction. Recovering from this error, however, it charged upon the enemy's encampments with improved promptness and great gallantry. Frederick W. Lander's batteries had in the mean time done terrible execution. Suddenly, while Benjamin Franklin Kelley was pressing them closely, he came down the hill like a thunderbolt, and joined iii the pursuit of the enemy. In this action Colonel Benjamin Franklin Kelley was severely wounded. Sixteen of the rebels were killed several wounded and taken prisoners, and a large quantity of camp equipage, arms, etc., were captured. 

Orders of Battle

Confederate Commander-in-chief George A. Porterfield

1st Brigade, under the command of 

1 x Confederate Infantry Regiment
1 x Confederate Infantry Regiment

2nd Brigade, under the command of 

1 x Confederate Infantry Regiment
1 x Confederate Infantry Regiment
1 x Artillery 


Union Commander-in-chief Thomas A. Morris

1st Brigade, under the command of Colonel Benjamin Franklin Kelley

1st Virginia Regiment
9th Ohio Infantry Regiment
16th Ohio Infantry Regiment

2nd Brigade, under the command of Colonels Ebenezer Dumont and Frederick W. Lander

6th Indiana Infantry Regiment
7th Indiana Infantry Regiment
14th Ohio Infantry Regiment 
1 x Artillery

Download This Scenario

The Battle of Philippi

How it Played

Sources

Friday, 14 September 2012

6th Army, Orders of battle, Stalingrad

Active 1942 to 1943

Commanders


Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Paulus
Friedrich Paulus














Army Troops 

648th Army Signal Regiment
2nd Nebelwerfer Regiment
30th Nebelwerfer Regiment
51st Mortar Regiment
53rd Mortar Regiment
91st Air Defence Regiment
243rd Assault Gun Battalion
245th Assault Gun Battalion
45th Army Engineer Battalion
225th Army Engineer Battalion
294th Army Engineer Battalion
336th Army Engineer Battalion
501st Army Engineer Battalion
605th Army Engineer Battalion
652nd Army Engineer Battalion
672nd Army Engineer Battalion
685th Army Engineer Battalion
912nd Army Engineer Battalion
921st Army Engineer Battalion
925th Army Engineer Battalion

IV Army Corps 

Commanders

General der Pioniere Erwin Jaenecke, from 1 November 1942 to 17  January 1943


General der Pioniere Erwin Jaenecke
Erwin Jaenecke















General der Artillerie Max Pfeffer, from 17 January 1943 to 31 January 1943

General der Artillerie Max Pfeffer
Max Pfeffer














29th Infantry Division (mot)  Generalmajor Hans-Georg Leyser
15th Infantry Regiment (mot)
71st Infantry Regiment (mot)
297th Infantry Division General der Artillerie Max Pfeffer, from 16 January Generalmajor Moritz von Drebber
371st Infantry Division Generalleutnant Richard Stempel

VIII Army Corps

Commanders

General der Artillerie Walter Heitz, from 25 Oktober 1939 to 31 January 1943

General der Artillerie Walter Heitz
Walter Heitz














76th Infantry Division Generalleutnant Carl Rodenburg
113th Infantry Division Generalleutnant Hans-Heinrich Sixt von Armin

XI Army Corps

Commanders

General der Infanterie Karl Strecker, from 1 June 1942 to February 1943

General der Infanterie Karl Strecker
Karl Strecker














44th Infantry Division  Generalleutnant Heinrich-Anton Deboi
376th Infantry Division Generalleutnant Alexander Edler von Daniels
384th Infantry Division  Generalleutnant Eccard Freiherr von Gablenz, from 16 January Generalmajor Hans Dörr

XIV Panzer Corps 

Commanders

General der Panzertruppe Hans-Valentin Hube, from 21 December 1942 to 18 January 1943

General der Panzertruppe Hans-Valentin Hube
Hans-Valentin Hube 














Generalleutnant Helmuth Schlömer, from 17 January 1943 to  1943

3rd Infantry Division (mot) Generalmajor Helmuth Schlömer, from 18 January Oberst Jobst Freiherr von Hanstein
60th Infantry Division (mot) Generalmajor Hans-Adolf von Arenstorff
16th Panzer Division Generalleutnant Günther Angern

LI Army Corps

Commanders

General der Artillerie Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach, from 8 May 1942 to 31 January 1943

General der Artillerie Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach
Walther von Kurzbach














71st Infantry Division Generalleutnant Alexander von Hartmann, from 25 January Generalmajor Fritz Roske
79th Infantry Division Generalleutnant Richard Graf von Schwerin
94th Infantry Division  Generalleutnant Georg Pfeiffer
100th Jäger Division  Generalleutnant Werner Sanne
295th Infantry Division Generalmajor Otto Korfes
305th Infantry Division Generalleutnant Bernhard Steinmetz
389th Infantry Division  Generalmajor Erich Magnus, from 19 January Generalmajor Martin Lattmann
14th Panzer Division Generalmajor Martin Lattmann
24th Panzer Division Generalleutnant Arno von Lenski

Luftwaffe

9th Flak-Division Generalmajor Wolfgang Pickert

Jagdgeschwader 3 - Wolf-Dietrich Wilcke

24th Panzer Division





The 24th Panzer Division (24. Panzer-Division) formed in France in February 1942 largely from the former 1st Cavalry Division, which had fought as a brigade in Poland and as a division in France and in the early stages of the Russian campaign. Transferred to the Southern Russian front in the summer of 1942 and virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Generalleutnant Bruno Ritter von Hauenschild, from 15 April 1942 to 12 September 1942

Generalleutnant Bruno Ritter von Hauenschild
Bruno Ritter
von Hauenschild















Generalleutnant Arno von Lenski, from 12 September 1942 to 1 March 1943

Generalleutnant Arno von Lenski
Arno von Lenski














24 Panzer Regiment
24 Panzergrenadier Brigade
21 Panzergrenadier Regiment
26 Panzergrenadier Regiment
40 Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion
89 Artillery Regiment
40 Panzer Pionier Battalion
40 Anti-Tank Battalion
40 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 40
Home Station I

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

16th Panzer Division





The 16th Panzer Division (16. Panzer-Division) originally the 16th Infantry Division, belonging to the peacetime army, with personnel from Westphalia and some East Prussians. As such was on the Saar front for a period and later took part in the attack on Sedan in support of armored formations. Reorganized as the 16th Panzer Division in the late summer of 1940. First identified in action during the early weeks of the Russian campaign and then continuously engaged in the southern sector. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Generaloberst Hans-Valentin Hube, from 1 November 1940 to 15 September 1942

Generaloberst Hans-Valentin Hube
Hans-Valentin Hube














Generalleutnant Günther Angern, from 15 September 1942 to 1943

2 Panzer Regiment
16 Panzergrenadier Brigade
79 Panzergrenadier Regiment
16 Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion
16 Artillery Regiment
16 Panzer Pionier Battalion
16 Anti-Tank Battalion
16 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 16
Home Station Munster (Wkr. VI)


23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

14th Panzer Division

The 14th Panzer Division (14. Panzer-Division) originally the 4th Infantry Division, belonging to the peacetime army, with personnel from Saxony and Sudetenland. As such fought well in Poland and in the French campaign and was reorganized as the 14th Panzer Division in the late summer of 1940. Fought in Yugoslavia in the Balkan campaign and was continuously engaged on the Southern Russian front, where it was finally encircled and virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalleutnant Ferdinand Heim, from 1 July 1942 to 1 November 1942

Generalleutnant Ferdinand Heim
Ferdinand Heim














Generalleutnant Hans Freiherr von Falkenstein, from 1 November 1942 to 16 November 1942

Generalleutnant Johannes Baeßler, from 16 November 1942 to 26 November 1942

Generalmajor Martin Lattmann, from 26 November 1942 to 1943

Generalmajor Martin Lattmann
Martin Lattmann














36 Panzer Regiment
103 Panzergrenadier Regiment
108 Panzergrenadier Regiment
14 Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion
4 Artillery Regiment
13 Panzer Pionier Battalion
4 Anti-Tank Battalion
4 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 4
Home Station Dresden (Wkr. IV)


23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

3rd Infantry Division (mot)

The 3rd Infantry Division (mot)




The 3rd Infantry Division (mot) (3. Infanterie-Division (mot.)) was an active division mainly recruited in Prussia. As such it took part in the Polish campaign and the Battle of France, without winning any special distinction. Motorized in autumn, 1940. Fought in Russia from the beginning, at first in the center and subsequently in the southern sector, where it was virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Helmuth Schlömer 1 April 1942 to 15 January 1943

103 Panzer Battalion
8 Infantry Regiment (mot)
29 Infantry Regiment (mot)
53 Motorcycle Reconnaissance Battalion (mot)
3 Artillery Regiment (mot)
3 Pionier Battalion (mot)
3 Anti-Tank Battalion (mot)
3 Signal Battalion (mot)

Auxiliary unit number 3
Home Station Frankfurt/Oder (Wkr.III)


23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943



29th Infantry Division (mot)





The 29th Infantry Division (mot) (29. Infanterie-Division (mot.)) was formed on 1 October 1936 from personnel largely Thuringian. Moved great distances and fought hard in Poland and France. Identified in the central sector in Russia in July 1941. Transferred to the southern sector in the summer of 1942 and virtually destroyed at! Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalmajor Max Fremerey, from   20 September 1941 to 25 September 1942

Generalmajor Max Fremerey
Max Fremerey














Generalmajor Hans-Georg Leyser, from  25 September 1942 to  January 1943

Generalmajor Hans-Georg Leyser
Hans-Georg Leyser














129th Panzer Battalion
12 Panzer II
35 Panzer III (5 cm lg)
  8 Panzer IV (lg)
  2 Panzer Befehlswagen

15th Infantry Regiment (mot)
71st Infantry Regiment (mot)
29th Motorcycle Reconnaissance Battalion
29th Artillery Regiment
29th Pioneer Battalion
29th Anti-Tank Battalion (mot)
29th Signals Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 29
Home Station Erfurt (Wkr. IX)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

44th Infantry Division







The 44th Infantry Division (44. Infanterie-Division) formed on 1 April 1938 from personnel mainly Austrian. Sustained heavy casualties in Poland. Saw little fighting but marched great distances in France. Morale less high than that of the other Austrian active divisions. Engaged in Russia on' the southern front from the beginning of the campaign. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Generalleutnant Heinrich Deboi, from  2 Mai 1942 to 29 January 1943

Generalleutnant Heinrich Deboi
Heinrich Deboi














131 Infantry Regiment
132 Infantry Regiment
134 Infantry Regiment
44 Reconnaissance Battalion
96 Artillery Regiment
80 Pionier Battalion
46 Anti-Tank Battalion
64 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 44
Home Station Wien (Wkr. XVII)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

60th Infantry Division (mot)







The 60th Infantry Division (mot) (60. Infanterie-Division (mot.)) was originally the 60th Infantry Division formed at Danzig in August 1939 and embodying the Danzig Heimwehr. As such took part in the attack on the Hela peninsula in September 1939 and in the French campaign. In the late summer of 1940 it provided a nucleus for the formation of the 60th Motorized Division, which fought in Yugoslavia in April 1941. Subsequently in the southern sector in Russia. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalleutnant Otto Kohlermann, from 15 May 1942 to November 1942

Generalmajor Hans-Adolf von Arenstorff, from November 1942 to 1943

Generalmajor Hans-Adolf von Arenstorff
Hans-Adolf von Arenstorff,














160 Panzer Battalion
92 Infantry Regiment (mot)
120 Infantry Regiment (mot)
160 Motorcycle Reconnaissance Battalion (mot)
160 Artillery Regiment (mot)
160 Pionier Battalion (mot)
160 Anti-Tank Battalion (mot)
160 Signal Battalion (mot)

Auxiliary unit number 160
Home Station Danzig (Wkr. XX)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

71st Infantry Division





The 71st Infantry Division (71. Infanterie-Division) Reserve division formed on mobilization and recruited mainly from the Hannover area. On the Saar front for a period.. Fought with distinction in the Sedan area and in the advance on Verdun. Fought in Russia in the southern sector for the first four months of the campaign, then returned to France and left again for the Eastern front during April 1942. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

General der Infanterie Alexander von Hartmann, from 28 March 1941 to 1943

General der Infanterie Alexander von Hartmann
Alexander von Hartmann














191 Infantry Regiment
194 Infantry Regiment
211 Infantry Regiment
171 Reconnaissance Battalion
171 Artillery Regiment
171 Pionier Battalion
171 Anti-Tank Battalion
171 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 171
Home Station Hildesheim (Wkr. XI)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

76th Infantry Division







The 76th Infantry Division (76. Infanterie-Division) was a reserve division formed on mobilization. Prussian personnel. Fought well in France. Engaged in Russia in the southern sector from the beginning of the campaign. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalleutnant Carl Rodenburg, from 26 January 1942  to 31 January 1943

Generalleutnant Carl Rodenburg
Carl Rodenburg














178 Infantry Regiment
203 Infantry Regiment
230 Infantry Regiment
176 Reconnaissance Battalion
176 Artillery Regiment
176 Pionier Battalion
176 Anti-Tank Battalion
176 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 176
Home Station Berlin (Wkr. III)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

79th Infantry Division







The 79th Infantry Division (79. Infanterie-Division) was a reserve division formed on mobilization. Personnel mainly from the Rhineland. On the Saar front for a period, but took little part in active operations. Identified on the southern sector of the Russian front. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Generalleutnant Richard Graf von Schwerin, from 14 January 1942 to 9 January 1943

208 Infantry Regiment
212 Infantry Regiment
226 Infantry Regiment
179 Reconnaissance Battalion
179 Artillery Regiment
179 Pionier Battalion
179 Anti-Tank Battalion
179 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 179
Home Station Koblenz (Wkr. XII)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

9th Flak-Division

The 9th Flak Division (Luftwaffen-Feld-Division 10) was a division of the Luftwaffe created in western France in January 1941. It served on the Eastern Front before being surrounded in Stalingrad in November 1942 and destroyed.

Commanders

General der Flakartillerie Wolfgang Pickert, from 25th June 1942 to  27th May 1944


General der Flakartillerie Wolfgang Pickert
Wolfgang Pickert















19 Motorised Flak Regiment
20 Motorised Flak Regiment
10 Artillery Regiment
10 Pioneer Company
10 Anti-Tank Battalion
10 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number
Home Station


23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943


100th Jäger Division










The 100th Jäger Division (100. leichte Infanterie-Division) was formed in December 1940. First identified in action during the summer of 1941 on the Southern Russian front. The 369th Reinforced Inf Regt (Croatian) was attached to it until late in 1942. The division was virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalleutnant Werner Sanne, from 10 October 1940 to 6 July 1942

Generalleutnant Werner Sanne
Werner Sanne














54 Jager Regiment
227 Jager Regiment
100 Reconnaissance Battalion
83 Artillery Regiment
100 Pionier Battalion
100 Anti-Tank Battalion
100 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 100
Home Station (Wkr. XVII)


On 10 October 1941, the 369th Croatian Reinforced Infantry Regiment linked up on the line of the Dnieper River with the 100th Light Infantry Division

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

94h Infantry Division





The 94h Infantry Division (94. Infanterie-Division) was a reserve division formed in September 1939. Personnel mainly Saxon or Sudeten German, with some previous military training. Took some part in the French campaign. Engaged in Russia in the southern sector, where it suffered heavy casualties on the withdrawal from Stalingrad.

Commander

General der Artillerie Georg Pfeiffer, from  21 August 1940 to 29 January 1943

General der Artillerie Georg Pfeiffer
Georg Pfeiffer,














267 Infantry Regiment
274 Infantry Regiment
276 Infantry Regiment
194 Bicycle Battalion
194 Artillery Regiment
194 Pionier Battalion
194 Anti-Tank Battalion
194 Schnelle Battalion
194 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 194
Home Station (Wkr. IV)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

113th Infantry Division

113th Infantry Division




The 113th Infantry Division (113. Infanterie-Division) was formed in December 1940. Was in the Balkans on occupational duties during November and December 1941. Later transferred to the southern sector of the Russian front, where it was finally virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Generalleutnant Friedrich Zickwolff, from 4 June 1941 to 10 May 1942

Generalleutnant Hans-Heinrich Sixt von Arnim, from 10 May 1942 to 20 January 1943

Generalleutnant Hans-Heinrich Sixt von Arnim
Hans-Heinrich
Sixt von Arnim















260 Infantry Regiment
261 Infantry Regiment
268 Infantry Regiment
113 Bicycle Battalion
113 Artillery Regiment
113 Pionier Battalion
113 Anti-Tank Battalion
113 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 113
Home Station (Wkr. XIII)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943


295th Infantry Division





The 295th Infantry Division (295. Infanterie-Division) was formed in March/April 1940 from newly trained personnel. Not identified in action prior to the Russian campaign, where it was continuously engaged on the southern front from July 1941.  Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

General der Artillerie Rolf Wuthmann, from 2 May 1942 to 16 November 1942

General der Artillerie Rolf Wuthmann
Rolf Wuthmann














Generalmajor Dr. Otto Korfes, from 16 November 1942 to 1943

Generalmajor Dr. Otto Korfes
Dr. Otto Korfes














516 Infantry Regiment
517 Infantry Regiment
518 Infantry Regiment
295 Schnelle Battalion
295 Artillery Regiment
295 Pionier Battalion
295 Anti-Tank Battalion
295 Reconnaissance Battalion
295 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 295
Home Station (Wkr. XI)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943


297th Infantry Division





The 297th Infantry Division (297. Infanterie-Division) was formed in March/April 1940 from newly trained Austrian personnel. Not identified in action prior to the Russian campaign where it operated in the southern sector from July 1941. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

General der Artillerie Max Pfeffer, from 5 April 1940 to 1943

General der Artillerie Max Pfeffer
Max Pfeffer














522 Infantry Regiment
523 Infantry Regiment
524 Infantry Regiment
297 Reconnaissance Battalion
297 Artillery Regiment
297 Pionier Battalion
297 Anti-Tank Battalion
297 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 297
Home Station Wein (Wkr. XVII)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

Monday, 3 September 2012

1/144 Fokker D. VI from Shapeways

This 1/144 Fokker D. VI is 3D Printed in White Strong & Flexible: White nylon plastic with a matte finish and slight grainy feel.

1/144 Fokker D. VI

1/144 Fokker D. VI picture 1

1/144 Fokker D. VI picture 2

Shapeways, Kampfflieger Models

Saturday, 1 September 2012

The Battle of Stalingrad Project

The Battle of Stalingrad Project

On 28 June 1942, Army Group South began Operation Blau, the German Army's summer offensive into southern Russia. The goals of the operation were to secure both the oil fields at Baku, Azerbaijan, and the city of Stalingrad on the river Volga to protect the forces advancing into the Caucasus.  After two months, the 6th Army reached the outskirts of Stalingrad on 23 August. On the same day, over 1,000 aircraft of the Luftflotte 4 bombed the city, killing many civilians.

Stalingrad was defended by the Soviet 62nd Army under the command of General Vasily Chuikov. Despite German air superiority over Stalingrad, and with more artillery pieces than the Red Army, progress was reduced to no more than several meters a day. Eventually, by mid November, the 62nd Army had been pushed to the banks of the Volga, but the 6th Army was unable to eliminate the remaining Soviet troops.

On 19 November the Stavka launched Operation Uranus, a major offensive by Soviet forces on the flanks of the German army.  The first pincer attacked far to the west of the Don, with the second thrust beginning a day later attacking far to the south of Stalingrad. The 6th Army's flanks were protected by Romanian and Hungarian troops, who were quickly routed, and on 23 November, the pincers met at Kalach-na-Donu, thereby encircling 6th Army. A relief attempt was launched on 12 December, codenamed Operation Winter Storm and failed. The army surrendered between 31 January and 2 February 1943. German casualties are 147,200 killed and wounded and over 91,000 captured, the latter including 24 generals and 2,500 officers of lesser rank.  Only 5,000 would return to Germany after the war.

6th Army, Orders of battle, Stalingrad
62nd Army, Orders of battle Stalingrad