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Monday, 27 September 2010

Making Mountains

Making Mountains

It's always a bit of a compromise when you're making mountains for wargaming. On the one hand you want them to look like the real McCoy, but on the other they need to be suitable for placing figures. This means having somewhat unnaturally flat levels. Mountains enhance the scenery of your wargaming table. You can make your own mountains out of a wide variety of materials, but in this tutorial I will be using foam board which offers flexibility and low cost. 

First Mountain

1. The first step is to cut your bases to the desired size either using MDF or hardboard in my case I used hardboard and cut it to 6 inch by 6 inch once you have cut your bases to the desired size you then want to proceed to rasp the edges to give it a smoother appearance.

2. The next step is to cut and shape your foam board. 

Making Mountains Picture 1

3. Once you have cut your foam board to the desired shape you then need to glue it to your hardboard using PVA glue, you will need to leave this for 24 hours. 

4. The next step is to texture your base. I have done tutorial on basing.

5. The next step is to paint your diorama you of course can use any colours you wish but I use Humbrol No. 110 Natural Wood as the base colour and then dry brush with Humbrol No. 103 Cream, for the mountain I used Humbrol No. 67 Tank Grey and then dry brushed this with Humbrol No. 64 Light Grey.

Making Mountains Picture 2

Making Mountains Picture 3

6. The next step is to varnish your diorama I use Ronseal Diamond Hard Varnish, matt clear once this is dry you can then add any trees to the diorama that you wish, and I always finish off by using Noch Summer Meadow Grass. 

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Second Mountain

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As you can see in the picture I have added a cave opening, to make the cave entrance, I simply cut a chunk of foam board out and textured the sides to make it look as natural as possible.

Making Mountains Picture 13

Making Mountains Picture 14

Making Mountains Picture 15

Tools

Pencil
Tape measure
Wood saw
Rasp
Paintbrushes
Craft knife
Scissors 
Ruler 
Glue gun

Materials

Hardboard
Polycell Textured Ceilings Course Effect
Ronseal Diamond Hard Varnish, matt clear
Noch Summer Meadow Grass
PVA Glue
Foam Board

Humbrol Colours

Humbrol No. 110 Natural Wood
Humbrol No. 103 Cream
Humbrol No. 67 Tank Grey
Humbrol No. 64 Light Grey

Tuesday, 21 September 2010

Making Ponds and Swamps

Making Ponds and Swamps

Making ponds and swamps are a really nice feature to add to your wargames table. And of course they can also represent natural barriers which either can be crossed or avoided.

Ponds can be easily made with the following materials hardboard or MDF using various fillers, brown acrylic mastic. And of course it's not only ponds that can be made with these materials, canals, stagnant swamps, waterfalls, rivers.

Making A Pond With Hardboard And Polycell Fillers 

1. Build the base in the same way as you would a river section however I would suggest making it an irregular shape and build up the sides in exactly the same way as you would for a river. You can add small islands in the pond at this stage. 

2. I then cut thin slivers of foam board to allow me to make the banks of the pond. I then glued the foam board to the edges of the board with PVA glue.

4. The next stage was to texture the edges with Polycell Textured Ceilings Course Effect. 

5. Once the Polycell Textured Ceilings Course Effect and the Polycell Filler had completely dried I then used small pieces of doormat and stuck these using a glue gun to the sides of the pond to simulate reads etc. 

6. I then painted the entire board in Humbrol No. 110 Natural Wood including the bottom of the pond. 

Making Ponds and Swamps picture 1

Making Ponds and Swamps picture 1

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7. Pour liberal amounts of varnish into your finished pond and allow to dry this may take a while. 

9. The next step is to varnish the edges of your pond using Ronseal Diamond Hard Varnish, matt clear once this is dry you can then add Noch Summer Meadow Grass. 

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Making A Pond With Brown Acrylic Mastic

1. First of all you need some backing material, I used an old bedsheet cut into irregular shapes. 

2. Secondly you need brown acrylic mastic which can be bought from any DIY store, B&Q, Homebase, etc that you have to be really careful here and make sure you get the right one it must say paintable.

3. You are now ready to apply your mastic to your backing, put a thin layer on your backing material and carefully smooth it out. Once you have done this you then need to make your pond edges, you do this by putting more mastic on the edges and carefully building it up until you are happy.

4. Allow the mastic to settle down for half an hour or so before you attempt to add any details.

5. Once the mastic has fully dried I then paint it all with Humbrol No. 110 Natural Wood including the bottom of the pond once dry. I then dry brushed the edges of the pond with Humbrol No. 103 Cream. 

9. The next step is to add Noch Summer Meadow Grass. 

Making A Swamp

A stagnant swamp can be made with either of the above two methods however make sure that you make the water look extremely murky and dirty. 

Tools

Pencil
Tape measure
Wood saw
Rasp
Paintbrushes
Craft knife
Scissors 
Ruler 
Glue gun

Materials

Hardboard
Polycell Textured Ceilings Course Effect
Ronseal Diamond Hard Varnish, matt clear
Noch Summer Meadow Grass
Bedsheet
Brown Acrylic Mastic 

Humbrol Colours

Humbrol No. 110 Natural Wood
Humbrol No. 103 Cream

Monday, 20 September 2010

Making Ploughed Fields

Making Ploughed Fields

You can buy ploughed fields from various makers of wargaming scenery or make your own. This tutorial is making ploughed fields which are extremely easy to scratch build, and can be made with a variety and materials, including spaghetti, corrugated cardboard, carpet squares, brown corduroy material all have the appearance of ploughed fields.

Making Ploughed Fields With Spaghetti

1. To begin with you need to cut your bases to the desired size either using MDF or hardboard in my case I used hardboard and cut it to 6 inch by 6 inch once you have cut your bases to the desired size you then want to proceed to rasp the edges to give it a smoother appearance.

2. The next phase is to mark out where you want to place the your furrows. 

3. The next step is to texture your base. I have done tutorial on basing.

4. Once you have completed your texturing you then need to place your dry spaghetti strands at the appropriate distance apart you can either use PVA glue or a glue gun which ever you have to hand.

Making Ploughed Fields Picture 1

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Making Ploughed Fields Picture 3

5. The next step is to paint the entire base with Humbrol No. 110 Natural Wood once that is dry lightly dry brush with Humbrol No. 103 Cream.

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6. Carefully put dabs of PVA glue on the tops of the painted spaghetti and apply foliage. I used the loose tree foliage which came off the trees I purchased from eBay see Trees and Woods.

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Making Ploughed Fields With Cardboard

1. First of all cut your hardboard to any shape you desire, I think an irregular shape looks better. 

2. Next get your cardboard and cut it smaller than the hardboard shape you have already made and carefully peel the top layer of the cardboard once you have done this glue it to your hardboard using PVA glue.

3. Once the glue as fully dried texture the edge of the hardboard up to the cardboard with Polycell Textured Ceilings Course Effect, you are now ready to mix some Polycell Polyfilla make sure the consistency is very runny completely cover the cardboard.

4. You are now ready to paint your ploughed field I use Humbrol No. 110 Natural Wood once this is dry eye then dry brush lightly with Humbrol No. 103 Cream allow to dry and vanish.

5. Carefully put dabs of PVA glue on the tops of the painted cardboard and apply foliage. I used the loose tree foliage which came off the trees I purchased from eBay see Trees and Woods.

Making Ploughed Fields With Carpet

You can buy carpet squares that look like ploughed fields all that is required is a light dry brushing with Humbrol No. 103 Cream and the edges covered with PVA glue and then flocking with Noch Summer Meadow Grass.

Making Ploughed Fields With Brown Corduroy Material

1. Acquire some brown corduroy material, this material is relatively cheap and is extremely easy to cut into any shape you require and does an extremely good job of imitating a ploughed field. 

2. Once you have cut your brown corduroy material I then lightly dry brush it with Humbrol No. 103 Cream just to make it blend little bit more.

3. I then use PVA glue around the entire edge of the field and use Noch Summer Meadow Grass which in my opinion adds a little depth to the field.

4. You can also carefully paint lines on top of the corduroy material to create cropped fields.

Tools

Pencil
Tape measure
Wood saw
Rasp
Paintbrushes
Craft knife
Scissors 
Ruler 
Glue gun

Materials

Hardboard
Polycell Textured Ceilings Course Effect
Ronseal Diamond Hard Varnish, matt clear
Noch Summer Meadow Grass
Spaghetti
Cardboard
Carpet
Brown Corduroy Material

Humbrol Colours

Humbrol No. 110 Natural Wood
Humbrol No. 103 Cream